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Lesson 691: I Samuel Chapter 31 and II Samuel Chapter 1

"How Are the Mighty Fallen”

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I SAMUEL CHAPTER 31

1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchi-shua, Saul’s sons. 3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him. 6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together. 7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people. 10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan. 11 And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 12 all the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. 13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

II SAMUEL CHAPTER 1 1 Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; 2 it came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance. 3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped. 4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also. 5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead? 6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. 7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. 8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite. 9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me. 10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord. 11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him: 12 and they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword. 13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite. 14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed? 15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. 16 And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the Lord’s anointed. David’s song for Saul and Jonathan 17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son: 18 (also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.) 19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! 20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. 21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil. 22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty. 23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions. 24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel. 25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places. 26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women. 27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!



Lesson No. 691 "How Are the Mighty Fallen” I Samuel Chapter 31 and II Samuel Chapter 1 10/08/2023 1) Chapter 31: The battle with the Philistines went bad for Israel, Sauls boys were killed, and Saul was mortally wounded with arrows. What did Saul ask his armourbearer to do? What happened? (verses 1-6)

2) Israel fled their cities, the Philistines captured the cities, took Saul’s armor, and disgraced the bodies of Saul and his three sons. What did the ‘valiant men’ of Israel do? (verses 7-13)

3) Chapter 1: How did David find out about the outcome of the battle? (verses 1-4) David knew it was bad news because he was in mourning.

4) David questions the Amalekite as ‘escaping from the camp of Israel’, Saul asking him to kill him, the Amalekite doing so and then taking Saul’s crown and bracelet. (verses 5-10). Do you think David really believes all this?

5) Why did he come to David with the crown and bracelet? (favor with the new king?) David does not know how Saul died but the story does sound sketchy, plus David may have known the truth from God? Fulfilling the request for death would have come by Saul’s armourbearer.

6) What does David and his men do? (verse 11-12) After mourning, weeping, and fasting, what does David do? (verses 13-15) Why did David kill the Amalekite? Was it because of the sketchy story, or because he was an Amalekite slated for destruction, the raid on Ziklag, or because Saul was the anointed of God, or all the above?

7) Sounds like David gives us the answer in verses 16.

8) David salutes and praises Saul and Jonathan with the ‘Song of the Bow’ published in the book of poetry called Jasher (verses 17-25) Summarize David’s love and respect for Saul and Jonathan in this poem.

9) He cursed Gilboa and praised Saul his enemy and Jonathan his spiritual brother. Was this overstatement or truly from David’s heart? We know he loved Jonathan yet he seems to have only forgiveness and respect for Saul. If David can love a man who repeatedly tried kill him, can we not love each other? What does Jesus say we should do with our enemies?



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