Lesson No. 418
Book of Esther, Chapter 3
"The Rest of the Story about Haman the Agagite"

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ESTER CHAPTER 3

Haman plans to exterminate the Jews

1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. 2 And all the king’s servants, that were in the king’s gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence. 3 Then the king’s servants, which were in the king’s gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king’s commandment? 4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai’s matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew. 5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath. 6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai. 7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar. 8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king’s laws: therefore it is not for the king’s profit to suffer them. 9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king’s treasuries. 10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews’ enemy. 11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee. 12 Then were the king’s scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king’s lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king’s ring. 13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey. 14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day. 15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king’s commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.


Lesson No. 418 "The Rest of the Story about Haman the Agagite"

Book of Ester, Chapter 3 07/15/2018

1) Historians tell us that 5 years have passed from the marriage of Ester to king Ahasuerus (Xerxes), son of Darius. So what happens next and why does it happen? (Hint: verses 1, 2)

2) Who is Haman the Agagite and why won’t Mordecai bow down to Haman? (verse 3) Was this a one-time occurrence or….? (Hint: verses 3-5; he was a royal descendant of the Amalakites)

3) What was Haman’s response to this lack of respect (or worship) from Mordecai? Seems a bit rash and excessive….so who do you think is behind this dastardly plot? (Hint: verses 5-6)

4) Did Haman tell the king the truth about the Jews? Did he mention Mordecai? (verse 8)

5) What’s with the 10,000 talents of silver, and why did this spice up the deal with the king? (verse 9) Did this perhaps sway the king? (verse 11) Note that verse 11 provided a way for Haman to get his blood money back!

6) The timing of Haman’s plot is interesting….why a year wait after the deal was cut and after the king gave his ring sealing the decree? (verses 7 and 12-14)

7) So the letters went out to all provinces, all people, and the terrible day of destruction for the Jews was announced. What did the king and Haman do after that? (verse 15)

8) How about the people of the palace city Shushan? What did they think of the commandment of the king? Do you think that they ever heard of such and thing?

9) If the people knew something was wrong, do you think that they would have obeyed the order, killed their friends and neighbors, and taken their property? Do we obey the king, or the King?

Correction to the Bible Study: 7/17/18

Hi Everyone!

A good student of the Bible in our church emailed me the other day with some good information regarding the Bible study we had on Saturday- Ester Chapter 3. I had mistaken my "-ites"! Mordecai could not not bow to Haman because Haman was a royal descendant of the Amalekites (an Agagite), and I said if Joshua would have wiped them out as God had commanded, this problem would not have happened. It wasn't Joshua that dropped the ball, it was King Saul much earlier. The Amalekites had made God very angry and he ordered them to be wiped out- they were exceedingly wicked people. One thing that made God angry that was mentioned is that they sterilized women. So, it wasn't Joshua's fault for not obeying God, it was Saul. The reference to Joshua's problem had to do with Joshua allowing the Gibeonites (formerly Amorites) to trick him.

Sorry...I got my "-ites" mixed up along with my Jewish leaders. And thanks Jeff for sending this correction over to me! We always want to share the truth...God's Word, correctly.

Blessings!

Chuck


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